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Bibliography on South Asian Sufi Saints, Shrines and Popular Visuality

Arnold, Thomas."Saints and Martyrs, Muhammadan, in India." Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (1911), XI, 68-73.

Digby, Simon. "The Sufi Shaikh as a Source of Authority in Medieval India." Purusartha 9 (1986), pp. 57-77.

Ernst, Carl W. Eternal Garden: Mysticism, History, and Politics at a South Asian Sufi Center. SUNY Series in Muslim Spirituality in South Asia. State University of New York Press, 1992.

Freitag, Sandria: Indian Muslim niche market in posters, South Asian ways of seeing, Muslim ways of knowing, in Indian Economic Social History Review, 2007; 44; 29.

Lawrence, Bruce B. Notes from a Distant Flute: Sufi Literature in Pre-Mughal Literature. Tehran: Imperial Iranian Academy of Philosophy, 1978.

Frembgen, Jurgen Wasim, The Friends of God, Sufi Saints in Islam, Popular Poster Art from Pakistan, Oxford University Press, Karachi, 2006.

Rizvi, Saiyd Athar Abbas. A History of Sufism in India. 2 vols., Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd., 1978.

Werbner, Pnina and Helene Basu (eds), Embodying Charisma: Modernity, Locality and the Performance of emotion in Sufi Cults, Routledge.

Ernst, Carl W., trans. "Lives of Sufi Saints." In The Religions of South Asia, ed. Donald S. Lopez, Jr., Princeton Readings in Religions (Princeton University Press, 1995), pp. 495-506 [lives of Muhammad ibn Ja`far Makki, from Akhbar al-akhyar, and Burhan al-Din Gharib, from Fath al-awliya'].

Nizami, K. A. The Life and Times of Shaikh Nasir-u'd-din Chiragh-i Dehli. Muslim Religious Thinkers of South Asia Series No. 4. Delhi: Idarah-i Adabiyat-i Delli, 1991.

Habib, Mohammad. "Shaikh Nasiruddin Mahmud Chiragh-i Delhi as a great historical personality." Islamic Culture 20 (1946), pp. 129-53.

Anand, B. S. Baba Farid. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, 1975.

Bruinessen, Martin van. "Haji Bektash, Sultan Sahak, Shah Mina Sahib and Various Avatars of a Running Wall." Turcica: Revue d'Études Turcs 21-23 (1991), pp. 55-69.

Digby, Simon. "To Ride a Tiger or a Wall? Strategies of Prestige in Indian Sufi Legend." In According to Tradition: Hagiographical Writing in India, ed. W. N. Callewaert and Rupert Snell (Wiesbaden: Harrasowitz Verlag, 1994).

Begg, Wahiduddin. The Holy Biography of Hazrat Khwaja Muinuddin Hasan Chishti, the Holy Saint of Ajmer. Ajmer: W. E. Begg, 1960. Many photographs.

Currie, P. M. The Shrine and Cult of Mu`in al-Din Chishti of Ajmer. Oxford University South Asian Studies Series. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Ghani, M. A. "Qutb-ul Hind Hazrat Khwajah Mu`inuddin Chishti, Persia's famous Sufi saint at Ajmer. Nagpur University Journal 5 (1939), pp. 23-38.

Salim, Muhammad. The Holy Saint of Ajmer. Bombay: the author, 1949. p.85.

Digby, Simon. "Sufis and travellers in the early Delhi Sultanate: the Evidence of the Fawa'id al-Fu'ad." In Socio-cultural Impact of Islam on India, ed. Attar Singh (Chandigarh: University of the Panjab, 1976), pp. 171-79.

Haq, S. Moinul. "Shaikh Nizamuddin Aulia." Studies in Indian Culture, Ghulam Yazdani Commeroration Volume, pp. 196-202.

Haq, M. M. "Shaykh Nizam al-Din Awliya (a short life sketch)." Journal of the Asiatic Society of Pakistan (1965), pp. 29-48.

Nizami, K. A. The Life and Times of Shaikh Nizam-u'd-Din Auliya. Muslim Religious Thinkers of South Asia Series No. 3. Delhi: Idarah-i Adabiyat-i Delli, 1991.

Ernst, Carl W., trans. "Conversations of Sufi Saints." In The Religions of South Asia, ed. Donald S. Lopez, Jr., Princeton Readings in Religions (Princeton University Press, 1995), pp. 513-17 [from Hamid Qalandar's Khayr al-majalis].

Nizam Ad-Din Awliya. Morals for the Heart. Recorded by Amir Hasan Sijzi. Trans. Bruce B. Lawrence. Classics of Western Spirituality, 74. New York: Paulist Press, 1992.

Ara, Matsuo. Dargahs in Medieval India. A Historical Study on the Shrines of Sufi Saints in Delhi with Reference to the Relationship between the Religious Authority and the Ruling Power. 3 vols., Tokyo: University of Tokyo, Institute of Oriental Culture, 1977. In Japanese with English table of contents. Many photographs.

Census of India. "Beliefs and Practices Associated with Muslim Pirs in Two Cities of India (Delhi and Lucknow." Monograph 1, Monograph Series, Part VII-B. New Delhi: Ministry of Home Affairs, 1966.

Jeffery, Patricia. "Creating a Scene: The Disruption of Ceremonial in a Sufi Shrine." In Ritual & Religion among Muslims of the Sub-continent, edited by Imtiaz Ahmad (Lahore: Vanguard, 1985), pp. 162-94.

Lawrence, Bruce B. "The Diffusion of Hindu/Muslim Boundaries in South Asia: Contrasting Evidence from the Literature and the Tomb Cults of Selected Indo-Muslim Saints." In Identity and Division in Cults and Sects in South Asia, ed. Peter Gaeffke and David A. Utz, Proceedings of the South Asia Seminar, 1 (Philadelphia: Department of South Asia Regional Studies, 1984), pp. 125-32.

Nizami, K. A. "Some Aspects of Khanqah Life in Medieval India." Studia Islamica 8 (1957), pp. 51-70.

Pinto, Desiderio. Piri-Muridi Relationship: A Study of the Nizamuddin Durgah. Manohar, 1995.

Rashid, S. Khalid. Wakf Administration in India: A Socio-Legal Study. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House Pvt Ltd, 1978. Contains information about the current administration of the Ajmer shrine.

Salim, Mohammad. "Jama`at-Khana of Shaikh Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi." Proceedings of the Pakistan Historical Conference III (1953), pp. 183-189.

Bilgrami, Rafat. "The Ajmer Wakf under the Mughals." Islamic Culture 52 (1978), pp. 97-103.

Digby, Simon. "Tabarrukat and Succession among the Great Chishti Shaykhs." In Delhi Through the Ages: Essays in Urban History, Culture and Society, edited by R. E. Frykenberg (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1986), pp. 63-103.

Gilmartin, David. "Shrines, Succession and Sources of Moral Authority in the Punjab." In Pakistan: The Social Sciences' Perspective, ed. Akbar S. Ahmed (Karachi: Oxford University Press, 1990), pp. 146-64.

Ernst, Carl W. "An Indo-Persian Guide to Sufi Shrine Pilgrimage." In Manifestations of Sainthood in Islam, edited by Grace Martin Smith and Carl W. Ernst (Istanbul: The Isis Press, 1994), pp. 43-68.

Daruwalla, Keki N. "The Mazars of Amroha." Quest 93 (Jan.-Feb. 1975), pp. 96-98. A poem on the tiger-and-wall-riding Shah Vilayat and Nasiruddin.

Saniotis, Arthur. Enchanted Landscapes: Sensuous Awareness as Mystical Practice among Sufis in North India, The Australian Journal of Anthropology, Volume 19 Issue 1, Pages 17 – 26, Feb 2009.

Sanyal, Usha. Devotional Islam and Politics in British India: Ahmad Riza Khan Barelwi and his Movement, 1870-1920. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Anwarul Haq, M. The Faith Movement of Mawlana Muhammad Ilyas. London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd, 1972.

Köszegi, Michael. "The Sufi Order in the West: Sufism's Encounter with the New Age." In Islam in North America: A Sourcebook, ed. Michael A. Köszegi and J. Gordon Melton (New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1992), pp. 211-22, 237-40.

Rawlinson, Andrew. The Book of Enlightened Masters: Western Teachers in Eastern Traditions. Chicago: Open Court, 1997. See esp. "Sufi Movement and the Sufi Order," pp. 543-52.

Kinney, Jay. "Sufism Comes to America." Gnosis 30 (Winter 1994), pp. 18-23.

Green, Nile. Stories of Saints and Sultans: Remembering History at the Sufi Shrines of Aurangabad, Modern Asian Studies (2004), 38:2:419-446 Cambridge University Press.

McGilvray, Dennis. "Jailani: A Sufi Shrine in Sri Lanka" in Imtiaz Ahmad & Helmut Reifeld, eds., Lived Islam in South Asia: Adaptation, Accommodation & Conflict. Delhi: Social Science Press 2004. pp. 273-289.

Bashiruddin, Zeba. Sai Baba And Sufism (Journey of Love).

Lowry, Glenn D., “Delhi in the 16th Century,” Environmental Design, Journal of the Islamic Environmental Design Research Centre, 1984, 7-17.

Koch, Ebba, ‘Shah Jahan's visits to Delhi prior to 1648: new evidence of ritual movement in urban Mughal India,’ In Mughal Architecture: Pomp and Ceremonies, Environmental Design 1991, 1-2:18-29.

Anjum, Khaliq (ed.), Asar-us Sanadid by Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan, 2nd edition, 1853.

Nizami, Khaliq A., Shaykh Nizamuddin Aulia (Urdu), New Delhi: National Book Trust, 1998, p 25.

Pinney, Christopher, Photos of the Gods, Reaktion, London, 2004, p 14.

Zaidi, Bashir Hasan, “Pesh lafz” (Foreword), in Anjum, Khaliq, Dilli ki Dargah Shah-e Mardan, Delhi: Urdu Academy, 1988, 13-14.

Verma, Richi, and Neha Lalchandani, “At home in Akbar-era ASI-‘protected’ tomb,” The Times of India, New Delhi, March 5, 2009.

Verma, Richi, “13th century monument razed,” The Times of India, June 2009.

Naqvi, Saba, “Wakf Scam: Allah’s Left The Building,” Outlook, Delhi, Sept. 21, 2009.

Times News Network, “Black flags, shut shops greet court receiver at Nizamuddin dargah,” The Times of India, 2009, New Delhi.

Mehmood, Zafar, “Jangpura Masjid: Factual Position,” Two Circles, 13 January, 2011.

Gayer, Laurent, “Delhi’s Noor Masjid: Tales of a Martyred Mosque,” Economic & Political Weekly, New Delhi, March 5, 2011 vol xlvi No.10, p 12-15.

Singh, Rana B.P., “Heritage Contestation and Context of Religion: Political Scenario from Southern Asia,” Politics and Religion No.1/2008, Vol. II, p. 79-99.

Roy, Siddhartha, “Games gains: Delhi gets a world-class makeover,” The Hindustan Times, New Delhi, October 15, 2010.

Verma, Richi, “Delhi's lesser-known monuments get facelift for Games,” The Economic Times, New Delhi, Aug 2, 2010.

Verma, Richi, “Mosque makeover annoys locals,” The Times of India, New Delhi, Jun 28, 2010.

Humayun’s Tomb - Sunder Nursery - Hazrat Nizamuddin Basti Urban Renewal Project in Delhi, Project Brief, 2010, Aga Khan Trust for Culture, New Delhi.

Verma, Richi, “Secret tunnel found at Nizamuddin dargah,” The Times of India, New Delhi, 24 April, 2009.

Verma, Richi, “Priests aware of passage existence,” The Times of India, New Delhi, April 2009.

Dutta, Shweta, “Plans afoot for revival of qawwali tradition in Nizamuddin,” Indian Express, New Delhi, Apr 21 2011.

Verma, Richi, “ASI for more qawwali nights,” The Times of India, New Delhi, Mar 15, 2009.

Staff Reporter, “Now take a heritage walk at Nizamuddin Basti,” The Hindu, Delhi, Dec 19, 2010.

Charles Hirschkind. 2006. The Ethical Soundscape. Cassette Sermons and Islamic Counterpublics. New York: Columbia University Press Jakob Skovgaard-Petersen and Bettina Gräf (eds.). 2009. Global Mufti. The Phenomenon of Yusuf al-Qaradawi. Hurst, London

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